Hi everybody! Today we’re talking about a key ingredient in our do-it-yourself formulations! Waxes!!! Waxes in DIY cosmetics are ingredients that cannot be missing. Click here to learn more about the other ingredients you should have to start creating DIY beauty products. Waxes are widely used in lip balms but also in skin creams or ointments.
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What are waxes?
The chemist in me, forces me to tell you that waxes are esters of carboxylic acids and alcohols, insoluble in water. If you, too, have a chemical soul like me who wants more information, I leave here a link. But back to us.
Waxes are used in many formulations. Their wide use is related to the benefits they provide to the final product. Waxes increase the viscosity of the product, improve its consistency and stability. These properties are due to their intrinsic characteristic: their high melting point.
Waxes, in fact, have a melting point that in most cases is above 50°C. This allows the final product, a clear example are lip balms, not to liquefy on particularly hot and sultry days. The right mix of waxes will give consistency to our final product guaranteeing its stability.
Waxes used in Cosmetics
Depending on their origin, waxes can be classified into
Waxes of animal origin
Among the waxes of animal origin we find beeswax (Cera Alba) and Lanolin. The first, the most famous is produced by bees. It was one of the first waxes to be used in cosmetic products. The first cosmetic formulation involved the use of beeswax with water and olive oil to create an ointment. Beeswax has emollient and protective properties and exerts these functions by creating an impermeable layer on the skin. This protection avoids excessive water loss from the skin and prevents it from drying out. It is also often used for the preparation of scented candles. (You can buy it here)
Lanolin is obtained from the sebum of sheep’s wool and is an excellent emulsifier in creams and ointments thanks to its ability to absorb water. note: keep the lanolin in a dry place otherwise you will find it no longer as a fine powder but as a single solid and hard piece. (You can buy it here)
Waxes of vegetable origin
Vegan alternatives to animal waxes are Carnauba wax, Candelilla wax and soya wax. These are some examples of waxes that I have used and that I recommend.
I love to use Carnauba wax (Copernicia prunifera) especially in lip balms. Its high melting point of about 86°C ensures that the final product remains solid and does not liquefy during extremely hot days. (You can buy it here)
This wax has a lower melting point compared to Carnauba wax and it’s almost comparable to beeswax. That’s why it can be used instead of beeswax to create your own do-it-yourself Vegan recipes. (You can buy it here)
Unlike the previous two waxes, soya wax is my favorite to make scented candles. It is an vegan alternative to candles that use beeswax. Furthermore, candle based on soy wax are absolutely non-toxic unlike paraffin-based. If you are curious look here I made candles with orange and cinnamon. (You can buy it here)
Synthetic waxes are derived from petroleum processing. Their function is to create a protective film avoiding dehydration of the skin. Obviously the search for natural products and the use of ingredients not derived from petroleum should encourage you to avoid the use of synthetic waxes in do-it-yourself products.
These are just a few waxes that I have used in some of my products and that I would recommend. I am ready to test new waxes and formulate new recipes! And what waxes would you recommend me to try?